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Acid base and salt blog  contains details about

Acid base and salt

  • Svante arrhenius definition
  • Bronsted Lawrie Acid Base Definition
  • Lewis acid base Definition
  • Drawbacks

Definition

Svante arrhenius definition

Chemical which release H+ ion called acid,
and Which release OH- ion called Base

Example 

HCl H2SO4 are Acid
NaOH KOH are Base

Drawback

But it is applicable to solutions made in water (Aqueous solution) and Ammonia Aqueous solutions.

Read more about svante arrhenius theory

Bronsted Lawrie Acid Base Definitions

Proton donor called Acid
Proton acceptor called Base

Bronsted Lawrie Acid Base Definitions

Example

HCl solution gives H+ ion so it is Acid
This definition not explain COCl2 SO2 N2O4 solutions and CaO SO2 SO3 acid oxides and CaO, BaO and MgO reactions.

Read more about Bronsted Lawrie Acid Base Definitions

Lewis acid base Definition

Electron donor is Acid
Electron acceptor is Base

Lewis acid base Definition

Example 

NaOH (Base) has OH- (Electron)
HCl (Acid) has H+ (Losted electron)
Read more about Lewis acid base theory 

Thanks for reading - Acid base and salt
Naitik Patel
Industrial Guide

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