Safety Interview Questions 2 contains following questions with answers

11. What is frequency rate?

12. What is severity rate?

13. What is accident Incident rate?

14. What is Fatality?

15. What is immediate/ direct cause?

16. What is root cause/ underlying cause?

17. What are Unsafe Act/ Practice?

18. What is Unsafe Condition?

19. What is accident?

20. What is incident?


Safety Interview Questions 2

11. What is frequency rate?

Total number of reportable lost time injury per million man hours worked is called frequency rate.

12. What is severity rate?

Number of man days lost due to reportable lost time injury per million man hours worked is called severity rate.


13. What is accident Incident rate?

Number of lost time accident in one year per one thousand manpower worked is called Accident Incident Rate (AIR).

14. What is Fatality?

The death resulting from an injury/ occupational illness, regardless of the time intervening between injury and death.


15. What is immediate/ direct cause?

It is an event which caused an accident.

Example: - all unsafe acts.

16. What is root cause/ underlying cause?

It is the causes which normally state the failure of management system.

Example: - all unsafe conditions, inadequate supervision/ engineering/ purchasing/ maintenance/ tools & equipments/ work standard/ wear & tear/ abuse or misuse.


17. What are Unsafe Act/ Practice?

It is an act of an individual who violets safety norms.

A work done wrongly, without following proper methods of work, ignoring use of safety appliances/ norms is called Unsafe Act/ Practice.

Unsafe or Substandard Acts/ Practices

 Horse play/ tease

 Ignorance/ laziness/ shortcut

 Ignoring site safety rules

 Working under the influence of alcohol/ liquor or other drugs

 Failure to secure

 Failure to warn

 Operating at improper/ unsafe speed

 Making safety devices inoperative

 Removing safety devices/ guards

 None use of PPEs/ failure to use PPEs

 Using PPEs incorrectly

 Unsafe working position/ posture

 Using equipments unsafely

 Using hands instead of tools

 Using defective equipment

 Using tool/ equipment improperly

 Use of wrong tools

 Improper loading/ unloading

 Improper placement

 Improper lifting

 Non use of guide rope/ tag line for heavy load shifting

 Lifting beyond SWL

 Staying in swing area of crane/excavator or heavy machinery

 Standing under slung/ hanging loads

 Unauthorized driving/ operating

 Unauthorized work/ entry

 Unskilled / inexperienced workers for site work

 Meddling / Tampering with electrical connections

 Leaning to the pilling bore

 Throwing of material and tools from the top/ to the top

 Climbing moving vehicles

 Welding operation in flammable/explosive atmosphere

 Storing O2 and C2H2 together/ improperly

 Non use of pressure meter gauge/ flash back arrester/ non return valve

 Non use of guy rope for heavy load

 Carrying gas cylinder in JCB/Excavator bucket instead of doing it in wheel mounted trolley


18. What is Unsafe Condition?

The environment or location which is not safe to work or cause an accident.

When the work space/ area, machinery is left in that position which is dangerous/ hazardous to the people, cause damage to the machinery/ equipment is said to be Unsafe Condition.

Unsafe/Substandard Conditions

 Violation of Site safety rules

 Improper/ faulty planning

 Tools and Machinery

 Poorly maintained plant and equipment

 Presence of defects in conditions

 Error in design

 Mushroomed tools

 Improper guarding or unguarded machine

 Improper or inadequate protective equipment

 Defective tools and equipments

 Omission of essential safety requirement

 Faulty planning


 Excavated area not barricaded

 Open excavation/ pit/ ditch/ trench

 Non display of sign board

 Inadequate warning system

 Improper excavation or no proper sloping

 Improper access or egress

Poor housekeeping-

 Slippery floor


 Improper material stacking

 Spillage of oil/ grease/ chemical

 Materials lying here & there

Confined space-

 Congested or restricted access

 Improper access or egress

 Flammable/ explosive atmosphere

 Hazardous environmental conditions : gases,

dust, smokes, fumes, vapors

 Noise exposure

 Radiation exposure

 High or low temperature exposure

 Inadequate or excessive illumination


 substandard electrical tools/equipments/


 electrical equipments without earthing

 Joints in cables

 Non use of ELCBs/RCCBs

 Damaged circuit breakers

 Incorrect fuse

 Flammable material too close to electrical

equipments/near DG

 DG/ DP/ DB without cover/ shed to protect

from rain

 Inadequate circuits

 Overloaded circuits

 Loose connections

 Over heating of cables

Cranes / Lifting Operations: -

 Lifting tools and tackles without TPI

 Overturning

 Overloading

 Unsuitable support or inadequate bases for crane

 Loss of load

 Failure of load

 Lack of maintenance

 Failure of load bearing part

 Unsafe / Substandard slings

 Damaged sling/ D-shackle/ I- Bolt/ safety sling

 Not working horn/ swing horn/ over hoist & boom limit switch/ angle indicator

 Lifting beyond SWL

 Inadequate number of dog clamps,

 Non securing during lifting operations

 Non use of guy rope/ tag line

 Operator/ rigger not competent

 No barricading

 Non display of sign boards

Welding / Gas Cutting

 WR Without earthing

 Loose connection

 Joint, cut, damaged welding cable

 Touching/ overlapping welding and electric cable

 Welding holder insulation damage

 Ammeter / voltmeter not working in WR

 Non use of circuit breakers

 Working method not suitable

 Welding/ gas cutting operation in wet place/ water/ confined space/ Gaseous atm. /near flammable materials

 Inexperienced welder/ gas cutter

 Haphazard storing of gas cylinders

 Gaseous atmosphere

 Flash back arrestor/ non return valve not used

 Cylinders without pressure gauges/ pressure gauges broken

 Cylinders Valve capes missing

 Long and damaged hoses

 Non use of trolley for gas cylinders

 Gas cylinder in trolley but not fastened with chain

 No fire watcher/ fire fighter/ firefighting equipment

 Non use of PPEs

 Hot work at height and its bellow other activities

Ladders and Ramps-

 Unsuitable and weak

 Not secured from top or at bottom

 Too steep/ not maintaining 4:1/ 75°

 Not built by sound material

 Improper rungs

Inefficient / Improper Supervision

Personal Factor:

 Inadequate capability

 Lack of knowledge

 Lack of skill

 Stress

 Improper motivation

Job Factor:

 Inadequate leadership/ supervision

 Inadequate engineering

 Inadequate purchasing

 Inadequate maintenance

 Inadequate tools/equipment

 Inadequate work standard

 Wear and tear

 Abuse or misuse

Type of contact:

 Struck against

 Struck by

 Caught on

 Caught in

 Caught between

 Slip

 Fall on same level

 Fall on bellow

 Overexertion

Contact with:

 Electricity

 Heat

 Cold

 Radiation

 Noise

 Toxic or noxious substances

19. What is accident?

Accident is unexpected, unintended or unwanted event which can injure to person and damage to property/ environment- OHSAS

20. What is incident?

Work related event(s) in which an injury, ill-health or fatality occurred or could have occurred is called incident-OHSAS

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Naitik Patel
Industrial Guide

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